Risks can be characterized as the probability of a particular adverse event occurring during a particular period (Breakwell, 2014). Considering the long history of human occupation and risk management in the Mediterranean regions, the RISKMED project is interested in proposing a common framework to discuss shared issues around the management, mitigation and adaptation to different types of natural risks faced by Mediterranean communities – i.e. earthquakes, marine submersions, landslides, erosion, floods, etc. We propose to develop a common reflection around risk as social knowledge, central to risk management and adaptation in Mediterranean regions.
This postdoctoral mission is to build a better understanding of the submersion risk perception, representation and adaptation strategies in the coastal society of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Region through its different local stakeholders: residents (principal or secondary), tourists and local actors. Indeed, the coast of PACA Region is characterized by contrasted territorial settings (uneven social and economic development, landscape variety) which are exposed unevenly to the marine submersion risk. A better understanding of risk perception in this Region thus implies the analysis of what local societies already know about the risk of marine submersion, and how they have dealt with it over time. Our aim is also to explore the influence of contextual and individual-level variables on the risk perception of the different types of stakeholders. One important contextual variable will be the residence/dwelling location. More specifically, we want to compare the risk perception of people living in localities where the coast is either protected with dikes or not. Next to this contextual variable, the influence of individual-level variables (e.g. trust in authorities, emotions, place attachment, sense of environmental (in)justice and ecological attitudes) on risk perception will also be analyzed.